dscore package implements several tools needed to
calculate the D-score, a numerical score that measures
generic development in children.
This study was supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The contents are the sole responsibility of the authors and may not necessarily represent the official views of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation or other agencies that may have supported the primary data studies used in the present study.
The authors wish to recognize the principal investigators and their study team members for their generous contribution of the data that made this tool possible and the members of the Ki team who directly or indirectly contributed to the study: Amina Abubakar, Claudia R. Lindgren Alves, Orazio Attanasio, Maureen M. Black, Maria Caridad Araujo, Susan M. Chang-Lopez, Gary L. Darmstadt, Bernice M. Doove, Wafaie Fawzi, Lia C.H. Fernald, Günther Fink, Emanuela Galasso, Melissa Gladstone, Sally M. Grantham-McGregor, Cristina Gutierrez de Pineres, Pamela Jervis, Jena Derakhshani Hamadani, Charlotte Hanlon, Simone M. Karam, Gillian Lancaster, Betzy Lozoff, Gareth McCray, Jeffrey R Measelle, Girmay Medhin, Ana M. B. Menezes, Lauren Pisani, Helen Pitchik, Muneera Rasheed, Lisy Ratsifandrihamanana, Sarah Reynolds, Linda Richter, Marta Rubio-Codina, Norbert Schady, Limbika Sengani, Chris Sudfeld, Marcus Waldman, Susan P. Walker, Ann M. Weber and Aisha K. Yousafzai.
The available functions are:
|Extract item names from an itemtable|
|Order item names|
|Sort item names|
|Get four components from itemname|
|Get a subset from the itemtable|
|Get labels for items|
|Rename gcdg into gsed lexicon|
|Estimate D-score and DAZ|
|Calculate full posterior of D-score|
|Get difficulty parameters from item bank|
|Transform to age-adjusted standardized D-score|
|Inverse of |
|Get D-score age-reference|
|Translate difficulty to age|
The package contains the following built-in data:
|A small demo dataset with PASS/FAIL responses from 27 preterms, measured at various ages between birth|
|and 2.5 years.|
Jacobusse, G., S. van Buuren, and P.H. Verkerk. 2006. “An Interval Scale for Development of Children Aged 0-2 Years.” Statistics in Medicine 25 (13): 2272–83. https://stefvanbuuren.name/publication/jacobusse-2006/
Van Buuren S (2014). Growth charts of human development. Stat Methods Med Res, 23(4), 346-368. https://stefvanbuuren.name/publication/van-buuren-2014-gc/
Weber AM, Rubio-Codina M, Walker SP, van Buuren S, Eekhout I, Grantham-McGregor S, Caridad Araujo M, Chang SM, Fernald LCH, Hamadani JD, Hanlon A, Karam SM, Lozoff B, Ratsifandrihamanana L, Richter L, Black MM (2019). The D-score: a metric for interpreting the early development of infants and toddlers across global settings. BMJ Global Health, BMJ Global Health 4: e001724. https://gh.bmj.com/content/bmjgh/4/6/e001724.full.pdf.
GSED team (Maureen Black, Kieran Bromley, Vanessa Cavallera (lead author), Jorge Cuartas, Tarun Dua (corresponding author), Iris Eekhout, Gunther Fink, Melissa Gladstone, Katelyn Hepworth, Magdalena Janus, Patricia Kariger, Gillian Lancaster, Dana McCoy, Gareth McCray, Abbie Raikes, Marta Rubio-Codina, Stef van Buuren, Marcus Waldman, Susan Walker and Ann Weber). 2019. “The Global Scale for Early Development (GSED).” Early Childhood Matters. https://earlychildhoodmatters.online/2019/the-global-scale-for-early-development-gsed/